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Trafficking of mRNA from tomato to dodder
James,H,Westwood, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (
Experiment design (10 hybridizations)
•Tomato host tissue •Dodder_Tomato •Dodder_Arabidopsis(control) •Dodder_Tobacco(control) •Dodder_Pumpkin(control)

This experiment has been imported by PLEXdb from NCBI GEO (GSE6736)

Series_summary: An intriguing new paradigm in plant biology is that...[complete overview]

Experiment     Expression     Hybridizations & Samples     Quality Control     Compare Treatments     Downloads    

Experiment Name: Trafficking of mRNA from tomato to dodder
Accession No: LE1
Microarray: tomato10k
Visibility: public
Experiment Type:
Experiment Factor(s):
•Tomato host tissue   •Dodder_Tomato   •Dodder_Arabidopsis(control)   •Dodder_Tobacco(control)   •Dodder_Pumpkin(control)
Quality Control: biological replicates
Treatment summary:
 parasite  # replicates
 Tomato host tissue  3
 Dodder_Tomato  3
 Dodder_Arabidopsis(control)  1
 Dodder_Tobacco(control)  1
 Dodder_Pumpkin(control)  2
Total hybridizations: 10
Description: This experiment has been imported by PLEXdb from NCBI GEO (GSE6736)

An intriguing new paradigm in plant biology is that systemically-mobile mRNAs play a role in coordinating development. In this process, specific mRNAs are loaded into the phloem transport stream for translocation to distant tissues, where they may impact developmental processes. However, despite its potential significance for plant growth regulation, mRNA trafficking remains poorly understood and challenging to study. Here we show that phloem-mobile mRNAs can also traffic between widely divergent species from a host to the plant parasite, lespedeza dodder (Cuscuta pentagona Engelm.). Reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) and microarray analysis were used to detect specific tomato transcripts in dodder grown on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) that were not present in control dodder grown on other host species. The foreign transcripts included LeGAI, which has been previously shown to be translocated in the phloem, as well as nine other transcripts not reported to be mobile. Dodders are parasitic plants that obtain resources by drawing from the phloem of a host plant, and have joint plasmodesmata with host cortical cells. Although viruses are known to move between dodder and its hosts, translocation of endogenous plant mRNA has not been reported. These results point to a potentially new level of interspecies communication, and raise questions about the ability of parasites to recognize, use, and respond to transcripts acquired from their hosts.

Keywords: mRNA trafficking, parasitism, parasitic plant

In order to identify potential tomato transcripts in dodder, microarray analysis was performed on RNA from dodder and hosts. Total RNA was extracted from the tomato host and from dodder grown on tomato, Arabidopsis, tobacco, or pumpkin. The host tomato RNA was included to verify that any transcripts detected in the parasite were in fact expressed in the host. The dodder samples grown on tobacco, Arabidopsis, and pumpkin served as controls for dodder genes that may cross-hybridize with tomato array probes, with three different host species used to minimize any host-specific effects on dodder gene expression. Samples were analyzed using the Affymetrix GeneChip Tomato Array and transcripts scored for presence or absence in each sample. Considering that host transcripts present in dodder would be at low levels and diluted with dodder transcripts, a P-value of 0.06 in at least two of three biological replicates was used as the threshold for scoring a transcript as being present.
Publication: none
Created: 2009-07-08 12:16:31
Last Update: 2009-07-08 12:46:20
GEO Accession GSE6736
Submitter: PLEXdb Curator
Name: James,H,Westwood
Institution: Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA
Head of Laboratory: --

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